ORCHIDS Project Partners
Health Protection Agency, Emergency Response Department (HPA ERD), United Kingdom
The UK Health Protection Agency's Emergency Response Department (HPA ERD) is the project lead of a group of associate partners who contributed to each stage of the ORCHIDS project. ERD works to improve the UK's emergency preparedness and response capability, developing infrastructure for surveillance and early recognition of events. The HPA works with the National Health Service, local authorities and the emergency services, identifying and strengthening countermeasures. Exercises to test response capacity to health emergencies are conducted across the country with national and local partners, further improving emergency planning and preparedness in the UK. These activities have involved mass casualty decontamination response with adults and children, and working in close collaboration with ambulance, fire and rescue and police services. On-going work within ERD also includes the psychosocial aspects of emergency management, including public responses to CBRN incidents.
Health Protection Agency, Centre for Radiation, Chemical and Environmental Hazards (HPA CRCE), United Kingdom
CRCE covers a diverse range of issues including risks to public health resulting from exposure to noxious chemicals and poisons, the assessment of exposures and risks to health, advising government, other bodies and the public on these risks, and providing an input to emergency preparedness and response. The Centre provides round-the-clock guidance from medical toxicologists, clinical pharmacologists, environmental scientists, epidemiologists and other specialists. CHaPD provided the scientific and technical expertise in order to deliver the ORCHIDS project laboratory research trials.
Dr Richard Amlôt
ORCHIDS Technical Leader
Scientific Programme Leader, Microbial Risk Assessment and Behavioural Science
Emergency Response Department, Health Protection Directorate
Porton Down, Salisbury
Wiltshire. SP4 0JG UK.
Public Health England
Professor Robert Chilcott
ORCHIDS Technical Leader
Professor of Toxicology
Department of Pharmacy
University of Hertfordshire
Hatfield. AL10 9AB UK
Centre for Research of Army Medical Services (CRSSA), France
The Centre de Recherche du Service de Santee des Armees (CRSSA), France contributes to the development of medical countermeasures of military personnel and civilians exposed to CBRN threats through the application of research and expertise. The Toxicology Department of CRSSA focuses on developing medical countermeasure against chemical warfare agents. This includes research in the field of skin protection and decontamination (SPD). Current research projects of the SPD group are 1) validation of skin models to study the percutaneous penetration and cutaneous toxicity of chemical warfare agents (CWA), and 2) skin protection and decontamination against the CWA, mainly organophosphates (VX, soman and sarin) and sulphur mustard. During the last 3 years, work has mostly consisted of in vitro studies to assess the percutaneous penetration of organophosphates (parathion, demeton S-methyl, DFP and VX) and sulphur mustard.
Faculty of Military Health Sciences, University of Defence (FMH), Czech Republic
The Faculty of Military Health Sciences, Hradec Kralove, Czech Republic is part of the University of Defence (Brno, Czech Republic). The Department of Toxicology and Centre of Advanced Studies has two departments of this faculty. The research and development activities of both departments are especially focused on the complex study of low and high doses of chemical warfare agent (CWA), biological effectives with emphasis on nerve agents, the development of optimal antidotes for pharmacological pre-treatment and treatment of poisoning with nerve agents based on the knowledge of their toxic mechanism, the monitoring of potential CWA developmental trends and study of their toxic mechanism. The research and development of sufficiently effective means of decontamination is also part of these activities.
CBRN Defence and Security Division, Swedish Defence Research Agency (FOI), Sweden
The CBRN Defence and Security Division of FOI has considerable experience in the area of threat assessment, scenario building, analysis, detection, toxicology and medical countermeasures regarding CBRN agents. Knowledge of toxic chemicals, radiation hazards, biological sources of infection, extreme physical loading or dangerous violence is highly relevant to the performance of defence forces and to the civil community. FOI's CBRN Defence and Security Division are home to many of the leading experts on chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear (CBRN) incidents. The CBRN division also manage the National Centre of Disaster Toxicology. The division has a broad base of interdisciplinary competence in such fields as analytical chemistry, environmental chemistry, microbiology and geology. The analytical laboratory is part of an international network consisting of the world's leading laboratories, giving access to a unique spectrum of expertise. CBRN Defence and Security regularly provides support to customers in the field of threat and risk management. The CBRN division is a part of the Swedish Defence Research Agency, FOI, which is one of Europe's leading research institutes in the defence and safety arena.
In addition to the four project partners, the ORCHIDS project is also supported by a number of other collaborators. These are detailed below.
- Prof Louise Lemyre, Science Cluster Leader Professor of Psychology & McLaughlin Research Chair Institute of Population Health, Canada DRDC-CSS
- Dr John Jenner, Defence Science and Technology Laboratory (DSTL), UK
- Dr Dave Hutton, Public Health Executive Agency of Canada
- Prof Murray Hamilton, University of Denver, USA
- Dr Andy Robertson, Department of Health, Australia
- Dr Jeff Coady, United States Public Health Service, USA
- Prof Tetsu Okumura, Defence Science and Technology Laboratory, Japan